In the previous part, we looked at the first three SD goals: eradicating poverty, ending hunger, and improving general well-being of the world population. Today, we'll deepen into two other goals, see what progress they are making and how close we are to their ultimate objectives.
One thing I forgot to mention yesterday, we pick only one or two targets for you to show the general results. In fact, there's many indicators with different benchmarks for each goal. So, if you're interested to know more after our blog post, you should definitely check out the UN Sustainable Development page.
4th goal: Quality Education. By 2030, the UN set many objectives, including: "...all girls and boys complete free, equitable and quality primary and secondary education leading to relevant and Goal-4 effective learning outcomes", improved childhood development and pre-schools, accessible quality vocational and higher education, substantial increase of the qualified teachers, etc.
The main idea is that education has to be accessible to everyone, with equal opportunities for every gender, race, and nationality.
Improved education will provide better financial opportunities in the future, which in turn has an impact on each of the 3 previously discussed goals. I'll leave this for you to draw the connection.
There are way too many charts by subject/gender equality in education etc., and many of them lack data. Here's just one example of how the situation looks like:
As you can see, even in some of the developed countries, the education (and possibly motivation) can be improved, though it would be extremely unprofessional for us to judge a country by just one subject. The detailed separate subject charts are needed to identify weak spots even in the countries with good education systems.
If we compare it to the charts of previous years, the improvements are definitely visible. Thanks to the increased awareness of the problem, many people now engage in various projects and volunteering practices, which contributes to the hopeful future results.
P.S. Statisticians look into very small details not only for you to know what's going on in the world, but also to use it in the research and identify where the process slowed down and could be improved. That's why, sometimes, the chart names sound quite similar but with a slightly switched focus. It's not a mistake - it's a search for the small detail that might be lacking for local schools to be better.
5th goal: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls.
Short description of why it matters: "In 18 countries, husbands can legally prevent their wives from working; in 39 countries, daughters and sons do not have equal inheritance rights; and 49 countries lack laws protecting women from domestic violence." - UN, 2015.
Many countries are taking huge steps towards this goal, and this is truly amazing. For example, always proactive Iceland created a law where men and women of a similar position in a company are supposed to be paid equally. Can you imagune that this law wasn't in place before? Why is someone supposed to earn more just because different hormones prevailed in their body?
As you can understand, it's way more that work ethics, which (see above) should be further improved by most of the countries. Moreover, the situation in the reality is even worse than the chart results. Not all companies follow the laws and not all women know their rights. In addition, (not)/taking into consideration the professional perspective of women can't really be put into a chart - but trust me, almost every country would be red. The goal is to give freedom of choice for women, eliminate forced marriage, protect them from violence, ban female genital mutilation etc.
#ACT4SDGS: part 2
26 September 2018